The history of Myanmar can be regarded as the period from the time of first-known human settlements 13,000 years ago to the independent day. The earliest inhabitants of recorded history were a Tibeto-Burman-speaking people who established the Pyu city-states ranged as far south as Pyay, Hanlin on the north of Shwe Bo, Vieksano in Magwe and adopted Theravada Buddhism. Another group of Bamar people who entered the upper Irrawaddy valley in the early 9th century. The Burmans who had come down along the Irrawaddy river in the early 9th Nanzhao raids of the Pyu states remained in Upper Burma. (Trickles of Burman migrations into the upper Irrawaddy valley might have begun as early as the 7th century.) In the mid-to-late 9th century, Pagan was founded as a fortified settlement along a strategic location on the Irrawaddy near the confluence of the Irrawaddy and its main tributary the Chindwin River. Many stone-arms of earliest people were found along the bank of Irrawaddy river mainly in Bagan, Magwe, Chauk, Yenanchaung, and Minbu.
They changed four places (Yonehlutkyune, Thiripyitsaya, Tanpadipa and Bagan) to regime with owned throne with their group in upper Irrawaddy Valley. At last, they could establish the longest kingdom called Bagan Kingdom (1044–1287) at Bagan, the first-ever unification of the Irrawaddy valley and its periphery. Since the Pyu era, Burmese culture, arts, belief and religion were accomplished. The Burmese language and culture gradually became dominant in the upper Irrawaddy valley, eclipsing the Pyu and Pali norms by the late 12th century. The Pyu had largely assumed the Bamar ethnicity in Upper Burma. Bagan became was a commercial center by trading up and down along the river, fruitful agricultural working around it, learning and spiritualism. The Bagan Empire established Theravada Buddhism as the dominant strain in the country, which was brought from Thahton (capital of Mon Region) by attacking. Additionally, the earliest examples of Burmese script, arts, pagodas in its present form are dated back to Bagan. Religions, culture, history were more developed and stone-inscriptions evidence are showing it obviously. After the First Mongolese invasion of Burma from the north in 1287, next kingdoms were ruled after one by one era from Pinya, Ava, Taungoo, Nyaungyan, Kongbong ( Amarapura and Yadanaborn).
After monarchial days were passed away by the British, the dynasty also went to war with all its neighbors. The Anglo-Burmese wars happened in 1824, second one was in 1852 and last one was 1885. Finally, Myanmar was colonized by British over 100 years. In 1948, Myanmar was announced as the independent country which was eliminated from the India Empire. Over 1950, the country has been onto be of the longest running civil wars involving insurgent groups representing political and ethnic minority groups and successive central governments. The country was under military rule under various guises from 1962 to 2010, and in the process has become one of the developing nations in the world. In 2010, there was prominent changes in politic happened. In the selection of government, National League of Democracy (NID) lead by the famous lady, Daw Aung San Su Kyi won over the selection by getting board.
If you want to witness how Myanmar’s history great and splendid it is, come and join with our travel team. We can organize tours highlights historical remains, buildings, and monuments.